Glass blowing originated in the Middle East approximately 2000 years ago. It was invented when Middle Eastern glass makers created a metal pipe that they used to shape the glass. This is how we get clear, translucent glass. Until this process was developed, glass was primarily made by grinding and casting glass materials, resulting in an opaque pottery like glass. The glass making technique was adopted by the Romans, who heavily used it in their empire. The art of making glass came to the New World when Captain John Smith brought glassblowers from Europe to make glass in the Jamestown colony.